163.com (webmail)

# Working
.netease_mail_readhtml .your-class-name, .netease_mail_readhtml .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Email is wrapped with class="netease_mail_readhtml". CSS is prefixed with the same but will only apply to the first class in a list. So with this code the first class gets double prefixed, the second one works.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Airmail

# Working
.bloop_container .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Android

# Deprecated
_:-webkit-full-screen, :root .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Android

# Deprecated
@media screen and (pointer) { 
  .your-class-name {
    /* Replace this comment with your styles */
  }
}

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Android 2.3

# Working
@media screen and (min-width:0\0) {
  .your-class-name {
    /* Replace this comment with your styles */
  }
}

This broken media query will also show in Outlook 00–03 so you may need to add an IE conditional comment.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Android 4.2

# Deprecated
_:-webkit-full-screen, :root .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

This won’t render on iOS devices but will render on desktop so may need a max-device-width media query.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Android 4.4

# Deprecated
_:-webkit-full-screen, :root .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

This won’t render on iOS devices but will render on desktop so may need a max-device-width media query.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

AOL

# Deprecated
.body {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

AOL also removes class from the body tag so you can use .body to avoid AOL.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Apple Mail 10

# Working
.Singleton .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Apple Mail 12.4

# Working
[class^="apple-mail"] .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Targets both iOS and MacOS Applemail.

If the color-scheme is set to light dark or auto then the class is removed and this may no longer work.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Apple Mail 8

# Working
_:-webkit-full-screen, _::-webkit-full-page-media, _:future, :root .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Targets both iOS and MacOS Applemail, as well as Outlook on Mac.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Apple Mail (iPad)

# Working
@media only screen and (min-device-width: 768px) and (max-device-width: 1024px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (min-resolution: 2dppx) and (hover: none) {
  _:-webkit-full-screen, _::-webkit-full-page-media, _:future, :root body:not(.Singleton) .your-class-name {
    /* Replace this comment with your styles */
  }
}

Media queries detect the device size to filter out iPhones. Using :not(.Singleton) filters out Apple Mail desktop. Depending on the exact device or on the users resolution settings, this may not work on all iPads. For the same reasons it may also target some iPhones.

Contributed by Wilbert Heinen

Comcast (webmail)

# Working
.mail-detail-content .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Comcast wraps code with class="mail-detail-content". This also targets Libero, Ionos, Xfinity.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Edison

# Working
#edo-container .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Will cover both iOS and Android.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Edison (Android)

# Working
.edo-email-view .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Edison (iOS)

# Working
.edo .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Freenet

# Working
body[marginwidth][marginheight] .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Freenet

# Unknown
#msgBody .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Freenet

# Working
meta ~ * .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

or

title ~ * .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

The head and body structure of the email is removed, making content in the head, siblings of that in the body, so we can target with this. Applies to Thunderbird, Freenet (title element only), Orange.fr, and Samsung.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Gmail (mobile and web)

# Working
@media screen and (max-width: 480px) {
  u + .body .gmailmobile {
    display: block!important;
  }
}

Contributed by Jay Oram

Gmail

# Working
u + .body .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Gmail changes the doctype to <u></u>. This is placed adjacent to a div that inherits class and id from the body tag.

You must include a doctype tag.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Gmail (Android)

# Working
div > u + .body .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Gmail changes the doctype to <u></u>. This is placed adjacent to a div that inherits class and id from the body tag.

You must include a doctype tag.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Gmail (iOS)

# Deprecated
@supports (-webkit-overflow-scrolling:touch) and (color:#ffff) {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Contributed by Jay Oram

Gmail (iPadOS)

# Working
@media only screen and (min-device-width: 768px) and (max-device-width: 1366px) {
  u + .body .your-class-name {
    /* Replace this comment with your styles */
  }
}

Media queries detect the device size to filter out iPhones and Gmail Webmail.

Contributed by Alice Li

GMX/web.de

# Deprecated
u + .body .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Any class or ID name prefixed with an unsupported character will kill all the styles following it.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

GMX/web.de (Samsung 7)

# Deprecated
body[style*="overflow-wrap:break-word"] {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Contributed by Mark Robbins

iOS Mail 10+

# Working
@supports (-webkit-overflow-scrolling:touch) and (color:#ffff) {
  .your-class-name {
    /* Replace this comment with your styles */
  }
}

Contributed by Mark Robbins

iOS Mail 13

# Working
[class^="apple-mail"] .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Also targets Apple Mail 12.4 on desktop.

If the color-scheme is set to light dark or auto then the class is removed and this no longer works.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

iOS Mail 15+

# Working
@supports (-webkit-overflow-scrolling:touch) and (aspect-ratio: 1 / 1) {
  .your-class-name {
    /* Replace this comment with your styles */
  }
}

-webkit-overflow-scrolling:touch is only supported on mobile devices.

aspect-ratio is not supported on older versions of iOS.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Libero (webmail)

# Working
.mail-detail-content .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Libero wraps code with class="mail-detail-content". This also targets Comcast, Ionos, Xfinity.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Newton (desktop)

# Working
#cm_mail_smart_body .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Nine

# Working
.body > div > div > .wrapper .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Nine inserts a couple of divs between the body and the wrapper. Same hack also targets Samsung and possibly others.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Notes 8

# Working
.unused.your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Notes 8 will strip the unrecognised class and render the code behind it.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Open-Xchange

# Working
.your-class-name[class^="ox-"] {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Open-Xchange powers a number of different email clients including Comcast, Libero, 1&1 MailXchange, Network Solutions Secure Mail, Namecheap Email Hosting, Mailbox.org, 123-reg Email, acens Correo Professional, Home.pl Cloud Email Xchange, Virgin Media Mail, and Ziggo Mail.

They prefix class and ID names with ox- so we can target them with this.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Orange

# Deprecated
meta ~ * .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

or

title ~ * .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

The head and body structure of the email is removed, making content in the head siblings of that in the body, so we can target with this. Applies to Thunderbird, Freenet (title element only), Orange.fr, and Samsung.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Outlook (various)

# Working
<!--[if mso | ie]>
Target Outlook Windows
<![endif]-->

<!--[if true]>
Target Outlook Windows
<![endif]-->

<!--[if false]>
Hide from all Outlook Windows
<![endif]-->

<!--[if !mso]><!-->
Hide from all Outlook Windows
<!--<![endif]-->

<span style="mso-element:field-begin;"></span>
 Content to hide from Outlook 
<span style="mso-element:field-end;"></span>

<!--[if mso 12 | mso 14 | mso 15 ]>
Target Outlook 2007/10/13
<![endif]-->

<!--[if mso 12]>
Target Outlook 2007
<![endif]-->

<!--[if mso 14]>
Target Outlook 2010
<![endif]-->

<!--[if mso 15]>
Target Outlook 2013
<![endif]-->

<!--[if mso 16]>
Outlook 2016 and up
Also Windows mail
<![endif]-->

Using the above comment and the different elements we can target specific Outlooks.

Operators:
gt = Greater than
gte = Greater than or Equal to
lt = Less than
lte = Less than or Equal to

Version Numbers:
Outlook 2000: Version 9
Outlook 2002: Version 10
Outlook 2003: Version 11
Outlook 2007: Version 12
Outlook 2010: Version 14
Outlook 2013: Version 15
Outlook 2016/19/21: Version 16 (I know not helpful!)

Contributed by Jay Oram

Outlook (Android)

# Deprecated
@media (min-resolution: 1dpi) {
  body[data-outlook-cycle] .your-class-name {
    display: block!important;
  }
}

Contributed by Jay Oram

Outlook (webmail & iOS dark modes)

# Working
[data-ogsc] .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

When changing a color style in dark mode, Outlook will add data-ogsc to the element. When changing a background-color style in dark mode, Outlook will add data-ogsb to the element.

This requires adding styles that Outlook will change to a wrapping element.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Outlook (iOS)

# Deprecated
[data-outlook-cycle*="INSERT_STYLES"] .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Where it says "INSERT_STYLES" you need to keep that text as it is and not actually insert your styles.

This will target only non-Microsoft email addresses (@hotmail, @live, @outlook, etc).

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Outlook (webmail, iOS & Android)

# Working
.your-class-name\0{
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

The \0 gets removed as part of the HTML cleanup. Be aware that Gmail will remove a style block with this code, so it needs to be included in a separate <style> block.

This can also be added directly to a style, like .your-class-name { background: red\0/; }.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Outlook (iOS & Android)

# Deprecated
body[data-outlook-cycle] .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

This attribute is added to both iOS and Android apps. It also renders in webmail if you drop the body tag and just use the attribute.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Outlook (iOS, Android, Mac)

# Deprecated
.olm-fragment-custom .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

This must be placed in a <style> block placed inside the <body> of the email. It won’t work if placed in the <head>.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Outlook (Android, Mac)

# Working
#converted-body .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Contributed by Niven Ranchhod

Outlook (macOS)

# Deprecated
_:-webkit-full-screen, _::-webkit-full-page-media, _:future, :root body:not(.Singleton) .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

The stuff before body will target WebKit desktop apps on Mac (Apple Mail and Outlook Mac), then we add :not(.Singleton) to remove Apple Mail.

This also targets Spark desktop app and iOS AppleMail.

Note that this will not work for non-Outlook accounts.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Outlook (PWA)

# Working
@media (display-mode: standalone) {
  [class~=""x_your-class-name""] {
    /* Replace this comment with your styles */
  }
}

Outlook PWA supports the same targeting as Outlook.com and Outlook apps. However, its display-mode is set to standalone so we can target it with the display-mode media query.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Outlook (webmail)

# Working
[class~="x_your-class-name"] {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Outlook.com prefixes class names with x_ but doesn’t do this on attribute selectors. So <div class="your-class-name"> can be targeted with [class="x_your-class-name"] and it’ll only apply to Outlook.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Outlook (webmail)

# Deprecated
[owa].your-class-name x:default .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Postbox

# Working
.moz-text-html .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

This also targets Thunderbird.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

QQ mail (Android)

# Working
#mailcontent .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

.mailcontent also works as well as combining both #mailcontent.mailcontent.

This has only been tested in Android so far but may work on other platforms. Please let us now if you are able to test it.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Samsung Email (with a microsoft account)

# Working
# #MessageViewBody .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Samsung Email (with a non-microsoft account)

# Working
& #MessageViewBody .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Samsung Email (S4 and under)

# Working
#secdiv .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Samsung Email (S5–S9)

# Working
meta ~ * .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

or

title ~ * .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Samsung Email (S5-present)

# Working
#MessageViewBody .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Samsung Email (S5–S9)

# Working
.body > div > div > .wrapper .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Samsung inserts a couple of divs between the body and the wrapper. Same hack as Nine.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Sapo

# Working
body[style="overflow-y:hidden;width:auto !important; font-family: sans-serif"] .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Email is opened in an iframe and these styles are added to the body.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Seznam.cz

# Working
.-wm-your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Contributed by Matthieu Solente

Seznam.cz (webmail)

# Working
blockquote[data-color] + .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

By adding blockquote before the targetted class, we can hook into the appended data-color attribute to access it.

Contributed by Devika Sujith

Spark

# Working
_:-webkit-full-screen, _::-webkit-full-page-media, _:future, :root .body:not(.Singleton) {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Same target as Outlook for macOS and will also target iOS AppleMail.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Spark (iOS & Android)

# Working
.c17637 .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

The class name c17637 is automated and not human-readable, which may mean it’s more likely to change in the future. Use this with caution.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Superhuman (mac)

# Working
.ShadowHTML .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

The class name ShadowHTML is added by superhuman email client. They also add a number of other classes such as ShadowBody, ShadowWrapper. One that might be interesting if you ever need to only target mac is they add a class of Platform-mac.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

T-online.de

# Deprecated
<!--[if tonline]> T-Online <![endif]-->
<!--[if false]> T-Online <![endif]-->
<!--[if !true]> T-Online <![endif]-->

Supports any conditional comment.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Thunderbird

# Working
@media screen and (-moz-device-pixel-ratio) {
  .your-class-name {
    /* Replace this comment with your styles */
  }
}

Contributed by Arfon Davis

Thunderbird

# Working
meta ~ * .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

or

title ~ * .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

The head and body structure of the email is removed, making content in the head siblings of that in the body, so we can target with this. Applies to Thunderbird, Freenet (title element only), Orange.fr, and Samsung.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Thunderbird

# Working
.moz-text-html .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

This class is placed on a div inserted between the body and the wrapper so you can also do something like body > div > .wrapper .your-class-name.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Windows Mail (Phone & Surface)

# Unknown
_:-ms-input-placeholder, :root .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Windows Mail (Phone & Surface)

# Unknown
_:-ms-fullscreen, :root .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Yahoo

# Working
.your-class-name {
  background:/* red */;
  font-size: /* 50px */;
  color: /* white */;
}

Yahoo and AOL will remove comment markers inside a style and render the content left behind.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Yahoo

# Working
.& .your-class-name {
  /* Replace this comment with your styles */
}

Yahoo and AOL will replace the .& with their wrapping ID name. It can also be used to target element selectors (like .&h1{ /* Replace this comment with your styles */ }) and the wrapping div itself (with .&{ /* Replace this comment with your styles */ }).

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Yahoo

# Deprecated
@media screen yahoo{ 
  .your-class-name {
    /* Replace this comment with your styles */
  }
}

Yahoo & AOL remove invalid media query selectors so will render the above as @media screen { }. Yahoo doesn’t support max-device-width which makes it tricky to split mobile but we can use max-width.

Be sure to keep the space between yahoo and {. If you use it without a space (yahoo{) then it may also render some of the code in Outlook.com.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Yahoo

# Deprecated
id="★your-id-name"

AOL will strip this out but Yahoo will leave it. AOL also strips <title> and empty <style> elements.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Yahoo & AOL

# Working
.your-class-name { 
  background: red !yahoo 
}

Add !yahoo after a style. (This could be any word.)

This will also render on some older versions of Notes.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Yahoo Japan (webmail)

# Working
<noscript>
  <style>
    .& .your-class-name {
      /* Replace this comment with your styles */
    }
  </style>
</noscript>

Although it’s run as a separate company, the same targeting works for Yahoo Japan and Yahoo.com. However, Yahoo Japan displays the email in a sandboxed iframe and we can separate it with a noscript tag that Yahoo.com will ignore.

Contributed by Mark Robbins

Need help? Can't find what you’re looking for?

Start a discussion on the GitHub repo or ask the #email-code channel on Email Geeks Slack.